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The Legal / Illegal list O to S

The following is a list of foods that are allowed (legal) and foods that are not allowed (illegal) while following the Specific Carbohydrate Diet™, as outlined in the book,
Breaking the Vicious Cycle by Elaine Gottschall. The SCD™ is a progressive diet and the introduction of many of these foods should be delayed until healing has taken place, please read the book "Breaking the Vicious Cycle" for further information.

Some general guidelines are, no grains (i.e. rice, wheat, corn, oats, etc.), no processed foods, no starchy vegetables (i.e. potatoes, yams, etc.), no canned vegetables of any kind, no flour, no sugar, no sweeteners other than honey and saccharin, and no milk products except for homemade yogurt fermented for 24 hours, prepared according to the instructions in the book.

List compiled by Kim Hesche

Click on the letters below for other sections of the list.


Food
Legal / Illegal
Note
Oats Illegal  
Okra Illegal No okra (bhindi) or drumsticks, since they are a mucilaginous food, they are illegal.
Olive oil Legal Olive oil withstands heat well, good for frying cookng and is highly recommended.
Olives Legal Olives are legal as long as they do not contain illegal ingredients; read the labels carefully.
Onions Legal Use fresh onions. Onion powders have starch added as anti-caking agents. You may also make your own onion powder from fresh onions by dehydrating them and grinding them yourself.
Orange juice Legal Fresh orange juice that does not have sugar added is allowed. While diarrhea is active, avoid having orange juice in the morning. We use Tropicana's Original Orange Juice, as it has been checked out and does not have sugar added.
Oranges Legal  
Oregano Legal  
Pappadum Illegal They are an Indian snack made from lentils - they're like a chip. Also contains rice flour
Papayas Legal  
Paprika Legal  
Parmesan cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Parsley Legal  
Passion Fruit Legal  
Parsnips Illegal At one time, I had them included in my book but after getting feedback from the inflammatory bowel listserv, I took them off. Some children do well with them; others do not. However, they are pretty good from a carb
standpoint and Dr. Haas allowed them. - Elaine
Pasta Illegal  
Pau 'Arco Illegal Bark tea (Pau d'Arco) contains steroidal saponins and is both an immune booster and a laxative.
Pea flour Illegal  
Peaches Legal  
Peanut Butter See note Peanut Butter
Peanut Oil Legal  
Peanuts Legal Peanuts in the shell may be tried cautiously after 6 months on the diet if diarrhea is gone. Shelled peanuts are illegal. Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating.
Pears Legal  
Peas Legal  
Pecans Legal Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating. Nuts should only be used as nut flour, in recipes, until diarrhea has subsided.
Pectin Illegal It is a polysaccharide which, in the presence of acid and sugar, gels. It is used as a thickener in jams, and occurs naturally in some fruit, like apples. In apples, it's mostly in the peel, and for someone beginning the diet, you normally wouldn't get too much from eating an apple, because you'd peel it. Pectin as an added ingredient is not legal, as it is a complex sugar.
Peppermint tea Legal Some brands out there put in natural flavourings which would make them illegal, so check the ingredients carefully - Charlene
Peppers Legal Green, yellow, and red peppers are permitted. Also jalapeno peppers, habanera peppers, chili peppers, poblano peppers, relleno peppers, etc. are legal.
Peptizyde Legal  
Persimmons Legal  
Pickles (dill) Legal

Dill pickles are legal as long as they do not contain illegal ingredients; read the labels carefully.
DILL PICKLES by Elaine Gottschall
http://www.scdiet.net/elainesrecipes.htm

Pine nuts Legal They are very hard to digest and even grinding them for pesto doesn't make them any easier on your gut. May be tried in small amounts after symptoms have subsided.
Pineapple Legal  
Pineapple juice Legal Fresh pineapple juice that does not have sugar added is allowed. We use Dole's unsweetened pineapple juice in the can, as it has been checked out and does not have sugar added. Juice should be diluted with water before drinking.
Pinto beans Illegal Even after soaking they have the wrong kind of starch
Pistachio nuts Legal They are legal, but the skins can be really tough for newbies. And don't get the pink dyed ones, or the salted ones because they can have starch added to them. You can get unsalted, unroasted pistachios at the health food store and then roast them yourself. For instructions see, Pistachio Nuts
Phosphatidylcholine Legal Another name for lecithin which is legal. Eggs have a huge amount of this but if you are not eating eggs, perhaps
a bit of supplement is fine. - Elaine
Plantains Illegal They contain too much starch.
Plums Legal  

Polysorbate 80

Illegal See Polysorbate 80
Pomegranate concentrate Illegal  
Pork Legal Fresh and frozen are allowed as long as nothing has been added during processing; check the labels carefully.
Pork Rinds Legal Use the plain pork rinds with no added flavourings and check the label carefully to make sure they don't contain illegal ingredients
Port wine Illegal Its full of sugar
Port du Salut cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Postum Illegal  
Potassium Sorbate Legal (supplement ingredient)
Potatoes Illegal Both white and sweet potatoes are illegal.
Poultry Legal Fresh and frozen are allowed as long as nothing has been added during processing; check the labels carefully.
Primal Defense Illegal See, Primal Defense
Primost cheese Illegal  
Processed cheeses Illegal See the appendix of the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle, for a complete list of illegal cheeses.
Protein powder Illegal See, Protein powder
Provolone cheese Legal Although not listed with the other cheeses on page 140 of Breaking the Vicious Cycle, provolone cheese is legal.
Prunes Legal  
Psyllium husks Illegal They are loaded with cellulose and lignin which some bacteria thrive on. We accept that the cellulose in vegetables and fruit can be handled OK but a concentrated form such as husks would not be in order.
Pumpkin Legal Fresh pumpkin is legal, canned pumpkin is not allowed. Butternut squash may be used as a substitute for pumpkin in baking.
Pumpkin (canned) Illegal Canned pumpkin is illegal. Butternut squash may be substituted for pumpkin in baking.
Quinoa Illegal Since Quinoa is 60% starch, it is very illegal.
Quorn Illegal  
Raisins Legal Try them cautiously.
Rennet Legal  
Rhubarb Legal  
Rice Illegal Both brown and white rice are illegal.
Rice Bran Illegal

Except as a supplement filler as it is mainly oil.
If one is taking a supplement which has proven to be efficacious, then the small amount of filler within the supplement will probably not have an adverse effect. - Elaine.

Rice Flour Illegal  
Ricotta cheese Illegal  
Romano cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Roquefort cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Rosemary Legal  
Rutabaga Legal Also known as swede It is very fibrous, so go slow and be careful.
Rye Illegal  
Saccharine Legal  
Saccharomyces boulardii Legal Saccharomyces boulardii is legal as long as the product does not contain any added illegal ingredients.
Safflower oil Legal  
Sago starch Illegal  
Sage Legal  
Sake Illegal

It is not a distilled spirit like Vodka and it is the distillation that removes the illegals - Seth
Both sweet and dry sake still have sugar and actually the dry sake has more sugar than the sweet sake but you can't taste it because of the acidity. - Kim

Salt Legal Ordinary iodized table salt, altho it sometimes has dextrose, is legal because it is important to get that iodine
Sashimi Legal (Japanese sushi-style raw fish served all by itself w/o rice)
saurkraut Legal Only for advanced SCD'ers
Scotch whisky Legal Only have it occasionally.
Seaweed Illegal Seaweed is high in polysaccharides and therefore illegal.
Seed Butters See note Seed Butters
Seed Flour Illegal It is not allowed because the quantity of the flour way surpasses the few seeds that Elaine had in mind when she said "seeds are permissible after 3 months of no symptoms."
Seeds Legal Permissible after 3 months of no symptoms.
Seltzer Legal Seltzer is legal as long as the product does not contain any added illegal ingredients. Plain is legal but the ones with flavors are not legal
Sesame seeds See note Sesame seeds
Sesame oil Legal  
Sharifa Legal Also known as custard apple or cherimoya
Shellfish Legal Fresh and frozen are allowed as long as nothing has been added during processing; check the labels carefully.
Sherry Illegal  
Silica Legal (supplement ingredient)
Silicon Dioxide Legal (supplement ingredient)
Slippery elm Illegal It is a mucilaginous herb. Mucilaginous herbs are loaded with starch. This starch is food for the pathogens that the SCD™ is designed to starve out.
Smoked meats Illegal Unless you know with certainty that no sugar has been added during the smoking process, they are not permitted.
Sodium Benzoate Legal (supplement ingredient)
Sodium starch glycinate Illegal  
Sorbitol Illegal Sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol are all sugar alcohols and are not SCD™ legal. They fall under the category of indigestible carbs and sugars, and so allow companies to label things 'sugar free', even though they are providing nutrition to the bacteria that live in your digestive tract.
Sour cream Illegal  
Soy Illegal See - Soy
Soy Lecithin Legal Derived from soy (illegal). There is plenty of good lecithin in egg yolks, and Elaine sees no particular need to take it outside of a whole food. Also see Carlsons fish oil
Soy Sauce Illegal Soy sauce is a fermented soy product and also contains wheat so it is illegal.
Soybean milk Illegal  
Soybean oil Illegal  
Soybeans Illegal  
Spearmint Tea Legal  
Spelt Illegal  
Spices Legal Spices of all kinds may be used, but avoid spice mixtures; buy spices separately.
Spinach Legal  
Spirulina Illegal We do not use algae (Spirulina) because IBD involves the immune system and can aggravate an already disturbed immune system.
Splenda Illegal There are several reasons why it is illegal, see Splenda
Split peas Legal Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.
Sprouted Grain Bread Illegal  
Squash Legal Both winter and summer squashes are legal.
Stevia See note Stevia
Stilton cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
String beans Legal Also called Green Beans
Sucralose Illegal There are several reasons why it is illegal, see Splenda
Sulphates Legal When a fruit such as peaches (dried) and coconut is sulphated, it means it has been exposed to sulphur to keep the color from darkening. Some people are allergic to sulphated products but most of us are not bothered by them.
Sunflower oil Legal  
Sweet Potatoes Illegal  
Swede Legal Another name for rutabaga
Swiss cheese Legal May be used freely.

Click on the letters below for other sections of the list.