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The Legal / Illegal list D to N

The following is a list of foods that are allowed (legal) and foods that are not allowed (illegal) while following the Specific Carbohydrate Diet™, as outlined in the book,
Breaking the Vicious Cycle by Elaine Gottschall. The SCD™ is a progressive diet and the introduction of many of these foods should be delayed until healing has taken place, please read the book "Breaking the Vicious Cycle" for further information.

Some general guidelines are, no grains (i.e. rice, wheat, corn, oats, etc.), no processed foods, no starchy vegetables (i.e. potatoes, yams, etc.), no canned vegetables of any kind, no flour, no sugar, no sweeteners other than honey and saccharin, and no milk products except for homemade yogurt fermented for 24 hours, prepared according to the instructions in the book.

List compiled by Kim Hesche

Click on the letters below for other sections of the list.


Food

Legal / Illegal

Note

Date sugar Illegal May be tried after being on the diet for quite sometime and symptom free but it is not recommended.
Dates Legal Medjool and California dates are allowed. They must be loose and not have anything added.
Decaffeinated Products Illegal Decaffeinated products are not legal since the manufacturing process may introduce questionable ingredients or reactions..
Dextrose (contained in commercial products) Illegal The problem with the dextrose and fructose which is being sold as a granulated form as well as the dextrose contained in commercial products is that it is not pure dextrose which should be the same as the single sugar glucose found in fruits and honey.
Dried milk solids Illegal  
Drumsticks Illegal No okra (bhindi) or drumsticks. Since they are a mucilaginous food, they are illegal.
Dry Curd Cottage Cheese (DCCC) Legal DCCC sources
Durum Flour Illegal Its a type wheat grain flour
Echinacea Legal Especially if it is in Alcohol, but even it is in pill form with a bit of lactose. It can be very helpful if a cold or flu is coming on.
Edam cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Eggplant Legal  
Eggs Legal  
EMPower Illegal Has many Illegal ingredients, Brown Rice Bran, FOS, Bifidus, flax seed
Ethanol Legall Ethanol is alcohol - the kind in gin, etc.
Evaporated cane juice Illegal Fancy name for sugar
Ezekiel Bread Illegal Sprouted grain breads are illegal.
Faba beans Illegal  
Fennel See note See Fennel
Fenugreek Illegal  
Feta Cheese Illegal Feta may be used after about 6 months of improvement. But used only in small amounts.
Filberts (hazelnuts) Legal Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating. Nuts should only be used as nut flour, in recipes, until diarrhea has subsided.
Figs Legal Figs unpolluted by chemicals or additives are fine, however I find them, especially in dried form; to be a laxative. They also contain hundreds of tiny hard seeds which can be hard on the intestines. I'm still unable to tolerate them after almost a year on the SCD. If I were you I'd leave figs until you've been symptom free for at least a while. - Rob B
Fish Legal Fresh and frozen are allowed as long as nothing has been added during processing; check the labels carefully.
Flax seed oil Legal see Flax seed and flax seed oil
Flax seed Illegal see Flax seed and flax seed oil
Flour Illegal  
FOS Illegal Also known as fructooligosaccharides. See, FOS
Fowl Legal All types including turkey, chicken, duck, goose, pheasant, pigeon etc
Frozen Orange Juice (concentrated) Illegal If orange juice is just frozen and has no additives then it is legal, however frozen orange juice is normally concentrated before freezing and the process to concentrate it makes it illegal see frozen orange juice processing
Fructose (granulated) Illegal Granulated fructose (or even liquid) that is sold as "fructose" has a mixture of other trisaccharides, etc. in it. It is extracted from corn and they are not too fussy about eliminating a few molecules of whatever that may get in with it.
Fruits (canned) See note Fruits canned in their own juice are allowed.
Garbanzo beans Illegal  
Garfava flour Illegal Made from two types of beans, Garbanzo beans and Fava beans, neither are SCD™legal.
Garlic Legal Use fresh garlic; garlic powders have starch added as anti-caking agents. You may also make your own garlic powder from fresh garlic by dehydrating it and grinding it yourself.
Guar Gum Illegal  
Gelatin (unflavored) Legal It is a denatured protein that has lost its tertiary structure although it is not the best protein.
Ghee Legal It's clarified butter
Gin Legal Only have it occasionally.
Ginger Legal  
Gjetost cheese Illegal  
Glucose candy Illegal Contains granulated glucose is known to contains other sugars in addition to glucose.
Glycerin Legal Since glycerin is not a sugar to begin with, the "ol" at the end does not make it a sugar alcohol. Glycerin is considered to belong to the fat family. So does glycerol.
Glycerol Legal Since glycerin is not a sugar to begin with, the "ol" at the end does not make it a sugar alcohol. Glycerin is considered to belong to the fat family. So does glycerol.
Goatein Illegal It is a Protein powders that contains Bifidobacteria Bifidum. Protein Powders are a bad idea in any case as they're generally oxidized cholesterol - damaged by heat. - Deborah
Goji Berries Illegal  
Gorgonzola cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Gouda cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Granulated glucose Illegal It is known to contains other sugars in addition to glucose.
Grape juice Legal White or dark grape juice is allowed. We use Welch's bottled grape juice, as it has been checked out and does not have sugar added. Avoid frozen grape juice, it usually has sugar added. Juice should be diluted with water before drinking.
Grapefruit Legal  
Grapefruit juice See Note Only legal if fresh. Frozen, or canned grapefruit juice is not allowed. Juice should be diluted with water before drinking.
Grapes Legal  
Grapeseed oil Legal  
Green tea Legal Limited to 2 cups per day.
Gruyere cheese Legal  
Guava Legal  
Gums Illegal All gums are illegal.
Ham Legal Only if cured with salt, it is illegal if cured with sugar dextrose etc see Ham
Haricot beans Legal These are legal and are the same as navy beans. Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.
Havarti cheese Legal May be used freely.
Hazelnuts (filberts) Legal Nuts sold in mixtures are not allowed, as most are roasted with a starch coating. Nuts should only be used as nut flour, in recipes, until diarrhea has subsided.
Hemp seed, Hemp protein powder Illegal  
HN-Zyme Legal  
Homemade yogurt Legal See, Yogurt for instructions on how to make legal yogurt.
Honey Legal  
Horseradish sauce Legal If homemade, if manufactured only if you know they have not added illegals
Hot dogs Illegal Commercially produced hotdogs will normally be illegal but here is a legal recipe on SCDiet by Marilyn
Hydrolyzed Protein Illegal This is another term for MSG. Regardless of whether it is SCD™ legal or not, we should all try to avoid it. MSG can be a potent neurotoxin.
Ice cream Illegal Commercially prepared ice cream is not allowed. However, there are many wonderful recipes for homemade ice cream.
Inositol Illegal Inositol is a sugar alcohol. Sugar alcohols will
feed bacteria and that is something we do not want to do. Sugar alcohols generally cause diarrhea but small amounts in supplements are ok - Elaine
Inulin Illegal Inulin is a FOS and is illegal, see Inulin
Iron supplements Illegal Please do not get vitamins with iron; they encourage all kinds of infections especially in the gut, and iron has had much research done on it re other diseases. No oral iron if you can help it. Just eat the liver pate and if you like liver, eat it at least once a week.
Isoglucose Illegal It is a new sweetner likely to be used in many products in future. See Isoglucose
Jaggery (gur) Illegal  
Jalapenos Legal  
Jicama Illegal  
Juice from concentrate Illegal Juice from concentrate is normally illegal because when it is reconstituted they often add other things (like sugar). Often additives are not listed on the label
Kale Legal  
Kefir See note See Kefir
Ketchup Illegal Commercially prepared ketchup contains sugar and is not allowed. See the gourmet section of the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle for a ketchup recipe.
Kidney beans Legal (All Types) May be tried when symptom free. This is a very advanced food and caution is advised. Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.
Kimchi Legal See Kimchi
Kiwi fruit Legal  
Kohlrabi Illegal  See Kohlrabi
Kombucha squash Legal  
Kombucha tea Illegal  
Kudzu (or kuzu) Illegal It is a mucilaginous herb. Mucilaginous herbs are loaded with starch. This starch is food for the pathogens that the SCD™ is designed to starve out.
Kumquats Legal  
KyoGreen powder Illegal  
L-Theanine Legal It is an amino acid, as long as its pure without illegal binders, etc its legal, as with any new food go slow introducing it. - Seth
leucine Legal (supplement ingredient)
Lactaid Milk Illegal The rate of flow of galactose to the liver when one drinks lactose hydrolyzed milk is high. With lactose hydrolyzed milk, you are ingesting the two sugars: glucose and galactose at the same time. Note: Lactaid Milk is Lactose Hydrolyzed Milk
Lactose Hydrolyzed Milk Illegal The rate of flow of galactose to the liver when one drinks lactose hydrolyzed milk is high. With lactose hydrolyzed milk, you are ingesting the two sugars: glucose and galactose at the same time.
Note: Lactaid Milk is Lactose Hydrolyzed Milk
Lamb Legal Fresh and frozen are allowed as long as nothing has been added during processing; check the labels carefully.
Leek Legal  
Lecithin Legal Derived from soy (illegal). There is plenty of good lecithin in egg yolks, and Elaine sees no particular need to take it outside of a whole food.
Lemons Legal  
Lentils Legal Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.
Lettuce Legal All varieties of lettuce are legal.
Licorice Illegal Licorice is both a demulcent and a laxative. For more info on demulcents see, Licorice and Demulcents
Lignin Illegal Grinding lignin and tough stuff does not prevent certain microorganisms from thanking you for chewing up their nutrition. The little buggers then respond by eating faster and making more babies and toxins.
Lima beans Legal Dried or fresh are permitted. Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.
Limburger cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Limes Legal  
Liqueurs Illegal  
Liquid Clorychlorophyll Illegal  
Macadamia nuts Legal  
Macadamia oil Legal Makes the best tasting mayo - Deborah.  Withstands heat well
Magnesium citrate Legal (As a supplement ingredient)
Magnesium Stearate Legal (As a supplement ingredient)
Malic acid Legal As a food additive, there are no side effects reported for malic acid. However, taking malic acid as a supplement may provoke the following reactions: tightness in the chest, hives, skin rash, problems breathing and swelling.
Maltitol Illegal Sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol are all sugar alcohols and are not SCD™ legal. They fall under the category of indigestible carbs and sugars, and so allow companies to label things 'sugar free', even though they are providing nutrition to the bacteria that live in your digestive tract.
Maltodextrin Illegal Maltodextrin is the worst of the small molecules of sugars. It is a very short chain of glucose molecules (derived from starch). The chances of digestion are practically nil. It therefore will feed bacteria and because of its particular structure, Elaine feels it is worse than even lactose.
Manchego Cheese Legal  
Mangoes Legal  
Mannitol Illegal Sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol are all sugar alcohols and are not SCD™ legal. They fall under the category of indigestible carbs and sugars, and so allow companies to label things 'sugar free', even though they are providing nutrition to the bacteria that live in your digestive tract.
Maple syrup Illegal Maple syrup is a disaccharide.
Margarine Illegal  
Marshmallow Illegal It is a mucilaginous herb. Mucilaginous herbs are loaded with starch. This starch is food for the pathogens that the SCD™ is designed to starve out.
Mastic gum Illegal  
Mead Legal If homemade and ingredients are honey and yeast, commercial is likely to have sugar added and is illegal
Meats Legal All fesh or frozen meats with no additives or processing are legal including beef, lamb, pork, liver, kidney, oxtail and tongue
Meats (canned) Illegal  
Meats (processed) Illegal Most have additives such as starch, lactose and sugar e.g. hot dogs, turkey loaf, spiced ham, bologna, smoked meats.
Melatonin See note See Melatonin
Melon Legal All types are Legal
Milk Illegal Fluid milk of any kind is not permitted.
Milk thistle See note See Milk thistle
Millet Illegal  
Mint Legal Curly mint, peppermint, and spearmintmint are SCD legal
Miso Illegal  
Molasses Illegal  
Molo-cure Illegal The main constituent of Molo-cure is aloe. Aloe is not SCD™ compliant as it contains mucilaginous polysaccharides as well as increasing the release of tumor necrosis factor which is associated with IBD inflammation and increased immune stimulation.
MonaVie See note See MonaVie
Monterey Jack cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Mozzarella cheese Illegal  
MSG Illegal Regardless of whether it is SCD™ legal or not, we should all try to avoid it. MSG can be a potent neurotoxin.
Mucilaginous Herbs Illegal Slimy, mucilaginous substances are often prescribed as some think the "coating" properties are helpful to the intestines. They aren't. We who have compromised guts cannot digest this stuff but our bugs can have quite a party on it.
Mucilaginous Polysaccharides Illegal Slimy, mucilaginous substances are often prescribed as some think the "coating" properties are helpful to the intestines. They aren't. We who have compromised guts cannot digest this stuff but our bugs can have quite a party on it.
Muenster cheese Legal May be used occasionally.
Mungbeans Illegal  
Mushrooms Legal  
Mustard (plain) Legal Mustard is legal as long as it doesn't contain illegal ingredients; read the labels carefully.
Natural Flavors Illegal "Natural flavoring" can be used to refer to anything, including the chemicals coming from big "flavor" companies which sell chemicals to food processors.
Natural cheeses Legal See the appendix of the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle, for a complete list of allowable cheeses.
Navy beans Legal Dried legumes must be prepared according to the instructions in the book, Breaking the Vicious Cycle.
Nectarines Legal  
Nettles Illegal Adverse effects from consuming nettle tea can range from upset stomach to burning sensations in the skin, difficulty in urination and bloating.
Neufchatel cheese Illegal  
Noni Juice Illegal  
Nopal Illegal It contains mucilaginous polysaccharides.
Nutmeg Legal  

Click on the letters below for other sections of the list.